Operating from two primary locations, GOES-East and Goes-West, NOAA’s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) have been providing continuous imagery of and data on atmospheric conditions, solar activity and Earth’s weather systems for nearly 40 years.
Now, with the next generation of weather-observing satellites on the horizon, NOAA is poised to once again significantly improve weather forecasting and severe weather prediction. The GOES-R series represents the first major technological advancement in geostationary environmental observations since the launch of the GOES-I series in 1994.
The GOES program formally began on October 16, 1975, with the launch of GOES-1. Although the satellite was spin-stabilized, only viewing Earth about 10 percent of the time and providing data in only two dimensions, it gave forecasters their first near-real time look at atmospheric conditions from a fixed location.